Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will tend to increase the dispersal of the seeds.
The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds.
The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. The use of cotton for fabric is known to date to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and between 6000 BC and 5000 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. Although cultivated since antiquity, it was the invention of the cotton gin that lowered the cost of production that led to its widespread use, and it is the most widely used natural fiber cloth in clothing today.
Mark. was first and correct with:
I would guess that cotton is the most widely used natural fiber in clothing.
I'm going with a WAG here - my first thought was cotton. But perhaps it's hemp? Or linen?
I'm sticking with cotton.
No rain in over 2 weeks, and now it's time to turn on the auto-sprinklers again. Meanwhile, spring is gorgeous here in NorCal.
Cotton also know as tree wool. It grows on the vegetable lamb of Tartary
Daniel in The City said:
Cotton, I'd guess.
Billy in Cypress responded:
King Cotton is the answer today. Cotton is still King of the natural fibers although it is no longer picked by slaves in most regions, but by massive machines to enrich corporate overlords and starve everyone else. I still believe that CpPDJT-ID would love to be a slave master, in the deep south of 1860.
Janet in Texas shared the link. It's a perfect smack down. What a shame though that no is reporting it more widely. Even more of a shame that Lumpy's base doesn't care about him stealing from all of us and using the office to enrich himself and his family. Sharing the link because they did a great job of reporting truth and refusing to allow lies to go unchallenged.
Patriot Act NSA Spying Unconstitutional Section 215 National Security Letters Must End
My name is Marc Perkel and I have decided to announce that I will not comply with the so called "Patriot Act" laws requiring me to disclose information about my customers. If I receive a national security letter I will immediately photograph it, post it online everywhere I can, and then make a video of me burning it. I will then await my arrest. If you want to put me in jail then come get me mother fucker.
Coastal eddy overcast hung around til mid-afternoon.
CBS begins the night with a FRESH'NCIS', followed by a FRESH'Bull', then a FRESH'NCIS: The Third One'.
Scheduled on a FRESHStephen Colbert are Louis C.K., Ernie Johnson Jr., and Father John Misty.
Scheduled on a FRESHJames Corden, OBE, are Claire Danes, Christine Baranski, Jack McBrayer, and Zara Larsson.
NBC starts the night with a FRESH'The Voice', followed by a FRESH'Trial & Error', then another FRESH'Trial & Error', followed by a FRESH'Chicago Fire'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Fallon are Blake Shelton and Scott Eastwood.
Scheduled on a FRESHSeth Meyers are Ice T, Freida Pinto, Julio Torres, and Jonathan Mover.
Scheduled on a FRESHCarson 'The Scab' Daly are Damon Lindelof, Agnes Obel, and a segment about the podcast "Missing Richard Simmons".
ABC opens the night with a FRESH'The Middle', followed by a FRESH'American Housewife', then a FRESH'Fresh Off The Boat', followed by a FRESH'Imaginary Mary', then a FRESH'Marvel's Agents Of SHIELD'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Kimmel are Pierce Brosnan, Jenny Slate, and Dustin Lynch.
The CW offers a FRESH'DC's Legends Of Tomorrow', followed by a FRESH'iZombie'.
Faux has a FRESH'New Girl', followed by a FRESH'The Mick', then a FRESH'Prison Break'.
MY recycles an old 'The X-Files', followed by another old 'The X-Files'.
AMC offers the movie 'Willie Wonka & The Chocolate Factory', followed by the movie '13 Going On 30'.
[6:00AM] DOCTOR WHO: A CHRISTMAS CAROL
[7:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 1-The Impossible Astronaut-Part 1.
[8:00AM] DOCTOR WHO: THE DOCTOR, THE WIDOW AND THE WARDROBE-Part 2.
[9:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 3-The Curse of the Black Spot
[10:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 4-The Doctor's Wife
[11:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 5-The Rebel Flesh-Part 1.
[12:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 1-Rio
[1:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 2-If Looks Could Kill
[2:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 3-Death Pool 100
[3:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 4-Going Under
[4:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 5-Death Eminent
[5:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 6-Curse of the Coffin
[6:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 7-Darkroom
[7:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 8-High Octane
[8:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 9-Going Going Gone
[9:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 1-Rio
[10:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 2-If Looks Could Kill
[11:00PM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 3-Death Pool 100
[12:00AM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 4-Going Under
[1:00AM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 5-Death Eminent
[2:00AM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 6-Curse of the Coffin
[3:00AM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 7-Darkroom
[4:00AM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 8-High Octane
[5:00AM] CSI: MIAMI - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 9-Going Going Gone (ALL TIMES EDT)
Bravo has 'Real Housewives Of BH', followed by a FRESH'BH Social', then a FRESH'Real Housewives Of BH', followed by a FRESH'Imposters', then a FRESH'Watch What Happens Live'.
Comedy Central has 2 hours of old 'South Park', an hour of old 'Tosh.0', followed by a FRESH'Tosh.0', then a FRESH'Detroiters'.
Scheduled on a FRESHThe Daily Show is Chelsea Handler.
Scheduled on a FRESH@Midnight are Aisha Tyler, Kevin Smith, and Rob Riggle.
FX has the movie 'Total Recall', followed by the movie 'Captain America: The First Avenger', then a FRESH'The Americans'.
History has 'Forged In Fire', followed by a FRESH'Forged In Fire: Cutting Deeper'.
[6:00AM] TOP SECRET!
[8:00AM] 8 MILE
[10:30AM] ASSAULT ON PRECINCT 13
[1:00PM] THREE KINGS
[3:30PM] 8 MILE
[6:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Red Sees Red
[6:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Hyde's Father
[7:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Too Old to Trick or Treat, Too Young to Die
[7:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Roller Disco
[8:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Eric's Panties
[8:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Baby Fever
[9:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Jackie Bags Hyde
[9:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Hyde's Christmas Rager
[10:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Ice Shack
[10:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Who Wants It More?
[11:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Red Sees Red
[11:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Hyde's Father
[12:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Too Old to Trick or Treat, Too Young to Die
[12:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Roller Disco
[1:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Eric's Panties
[1:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Baby Fever
[2:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Jackie Bags Hyde
[2:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Hyde's Christmas Rager
[3:00AM] THREE KINGS
[5:30AM] COMEDY BANG! BANG!-Ty Burrell
[5:45AM] ROGUE (ALL TIMES EDT)
[6:00AM] Hap and Leonard: Mucho Mojo-Holy Mojo
[7:00AM] All in the Family-The Saga of Cousin Oscar
[7:35AM] All in the Family-Flashback: Mike Meets Archie
[8:10AM] All in the Family-Archie in the Lock-Up
[8:45AM] All in the Family-The Election Story
[9:20AM] All in the Family-Edith's Accident
[9:55AM] All in the Family-The Blockbuster
[10:30AM] All in the Family-The Insurance Is Canceled
[11:05AM] Wonder Boys
[1:34PM] Mr. Mom
[3:33PM] The Sandlot
[9:00PM] Point Break
[11:45PM] The Devil's Advocate
[2:45AM] The Beach
[5:15AM] The Andy Griffith Show-Andy Saves Gomer
[5:50AM] The Andy Griffith Show-Bargain Day (ALL TIMES EDT)
SyFy has 'Face Off', another 'Face Off', followed by a FRESH'Face Off', then a FRESH'Cosplay Melee'.
On a RERUNConan (from 12/13/16) are Chris Pratt, Tom Papa, and the Naked and Famous.
Action Aid dress in blonde Boris Johnson wigs whilst protesting outside the Foreign Office in London on april 3, 2017. The protest coincides with anniversary of the release of the Panama Papers that exposed offshore tax evasion. The protesters are calling on the government to set up public registers.
Photo by Pete Maclaine
Harrison Ford won't face punishment after mistakenly attempting to land his private plane on a taxiway at John Wayne Airport in Orange County in February, Variety has confirmed.
Ford's attorney, Stephen Hofer of Aerlex Law Group, said in a statement that the Federal Aviation Administration has concluded its investigation of the incident and found that "no administrative or enforcement action was warranted."
"The Federal Aviation Administration has notified Mr. Harrison Ford that the agency has closed its inquiry into Mr. Ford's landing at the Santa Ana, Orange County Airport on February 13, 2017," Hofer said. "The FAA conducted a full investigation into the matter, including an interview with Mr. Ford, and determined that no administrative or enforcement action was warranted. Mr. Ford retains his pilot's certificate without restriction. In closing the matter, the agency acknowledged Mr. Ford's long history of compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulations and his cooperative attitude during the investigation. Mr. Ford has held a pilot's certificate for more than 20 years, has logged more than 5,000 hours in the air, and has never been the subject of an FAA administrative or enforcement action."
People walk at the entrance of the "Giro Giro Tondo design for children" exhibition, at the Triennale museum, in Milan, Italy, Monday, April 3, 2017. The Milan Design week is taking place in various locations across Milan from April 4 through 9, 2017.
Photo by Antonio Calanni
A classic Andy Warhol portrait of former Chinese leader Mao Zedong fetched US$12.7 million at auction in Hong Kong on Sunday, Sotheby's said -- well short of the top estimate of more than $15 million.
The sale of the 1973 screen print by the legendary US pop artist attracted plenty of attention before going under the hammer in the semi-autonomous city owing to sensitivity about any use of Mao's image in China.
The top sale price estimate of more than $15 million was the highest the auction house had ever seen for a painting in Asia.
Sotheby's had describe the event as the first "significant" sale of Western contemporary art in Hong Kong, which was handed back to China by Britain in 1997.
A wooden totem pole, carved by the Kwiakiutl of Canada's northwest coast, presented to The Queen in 1971, is on display at Buckingham Palace in London, Monday, April 3, 2017. A selection of objects from Royal Gifts will be on display as part of the Summer Opening of the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace on July 22, 2017.
Photo by Frank Augstein
A Democratic political consultant and Fox News contributor on Monday sued the network and its former chairman, Roger Ailes, accusing them of denying her a permanent hosting job after rebuffing Ailes' sexual advances.
Julie Roginsky also said in her lawsuit filed in New York state court that a misogynistic culture at Fox News, a unit of Twenty-First Century Fox Inc, had not changed since Ailes resigned last year in the wake of a separate sexual harassment lawsuit by former anchor Gretchen Carlson.
Roginsky, 43, has appeared regularly on Fox News programs since 2011 and writes a column for the network's website.
Roginsky's action follows other allegations, including at least two separate lawsuits, against Fox News and Ailes by women who claimed they were sexually harassed by the 76-year-old founder of the network.
In the lawsuit, Roginsky said Ailes in early 2015 told her he was considering her for a full-time slot on "The Five," a highly-rated talk show featuring a rotating panel of guests. But the job never materialized, and she lost her spot as a contributor on the show, after she declined his advances, she said.
A newspaper in the Mexican border city of Juarez announced Sunday that it is shutting down because the rampant, unpunished killings of journalists in the country have made it too dangerous to go on.
Norte executive Oscar Cantu Murguia informed readers of his decision in a farewell letter titled "Adios!" that was published on the paper's front page and online.
He cited the recent murder of journalist Miroslava Breach in the city of Chihuahua, which like Juarez is in Chihuahua state. Breach was a reporter for the national newspaper La Jornada and had also collaborated with Norte.
"On this day, esteemed reader, I address you to report that I have made the decision to close this newspaper due to the fact that, among other things, there are neither the guarantees nor the security to exercise critical, counterbalance journalism," Cantu wrote.
At least 38 journalists have been killed in Mexico since 1992 for motives confirmed as related to their work, according the Committee to Protect Journalists. The New York-based media advocacy group says 50 more were slain during the same period for reasons that remain unclear.
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange waded into Ecuador's contested presidential election, tweeting his congratulations to the ruling socialist party's candidate and telling his rival he should leave the country.
Assange, who has been holed up in Ecuador's London embassy since 2012, had a personal stake in the race: opposition candidate Guillermo Lasso had threatened to kick him out of the embassy within 30 days if he won the election.
The 45-year-old Australian buoyantly turned that threat around on Lasso as official results showed the conservative ex-banker on track to lose.
"I cordially invite Lasso to leave Ecuador within 30 days (with or without his tax haven millions)," he wrote on Twitter.
That was a reference to WikiLeaks's accusation that Lasso is linked to the Panama Papers tax haven scandal.
A silver bowl containing fruits grown in Zambia modelled in silver, which were presented by Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda, are on display at Buckingham Palace in London, Monday, April 3, 2017. A selection of objects from Royal Gifts will be on display as part of the Summer Opening of the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace on July 22, 2017.
Photo by Frank Augstein
To restore a forest and reduce the risk of severe wildfires, a conservation group is cutting down trees.
The Nature Conservancy is selectively logging dry forests in Washington's Central Cascades as part of a long-term plan to make thousands of privately owned forestland more resilient to fire, disease and climate change.
A century of wildfire suppression has resulted in overgrown tree stands that are ripe for fire, so the group is weeding out smaller trees that can serve as kindling for fires. They're leaving bigger, older and more fire-resistant ponderosa pines while removing tree species such as grand fir that are more susceptible to fire.
The restoration thinning project outside the city of Cle Elum mirrors numerous projects in forests across the U.S. West, mostly on federal public lands, aimed at preventing wildfires and restoring forest health.
The project by a private landowner also represents a fraction of the millions of acres that some say need to be treated to prevent the kind of intense wildfires that have scorched thousands of acres across the U.S. West.
Austrian blacksmiths who produce ceremonial suits of armor for the Vatican's Swiss Guards are close to the end of their current deal to do so, and say supplying the suits will not now be an issue for many years to come.
One of the drawbacks of the Swiss Guards' medieval uniforms is that the craftsmanship needed to make them is disappearing.
Faced with an aged stock in need of replacement, they turned to brothers Johann and Georg Schmidberger - the fifth generation to run the family blacksmith's business in the Austrian town of Molln - to provide them with 80 suits of armor covering the torso and arms.
The brothers have produced 10 of the suits a year since 2009, meaning the deal will be completed this year, and new replacements will not be needed for quite some time.
The brothers' workshop, where all kinds of hammers are piled high near a furnace and anvil, will continue to supply swords, locks, gates and other items to customers including theaters and private collectors.
Ikutaro Kakehashi, founder of Japanese electronic musical instrument maker Roland which defined much of the sound of 1980s pop, has died aged 87.
Kakehashi founded Roland in 1972 after running an electronic appliance shop in his native Osaka in western Japan.
His keyboards were a staple of synth-pop bands such as Duran Duran, Depeche Mode and Kraftwerk and were popular with electro pioneers Jean-Michel Jarre, Herbie Hancock and The Prodigy.
David Bowie worked with the Roland GR-500 guitar synth to record his 1980 hit "Ashes to Ashes" while Marvin Gaye used the iconic TR-808 drum machine on his smash single "Sexual Healing".
Marc Almond, vocalist for new wave duo Soft Cell, tweeted: "A man who changed music Ikutaro Kakehashi the Roland Synth 808 and more has sadly passed. Thanks for the Electro sounds."
The TR-808 was also a staple of hip hop acts from Run DMC and Afrika Bambaataa to the Beastie Boys, while more recently the rapper Kanye West used it on every track of his 2008 album "808s & Heartbreak".
Kakehashi received the 2013 Technical Grammy Award in 2013 for contributions to the music industry through the establishment of the "MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)", a global standard for transmitting electronic musical data across various digital instruments.
In the same year, Kakehashi left Roland and set up the new digital instrument company ATV, reportedly because of a clash with Roland management.
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