Phrenology (from Greek (phren), meaning "mind", and (logos), meaning "knowledge") is a pseudomedicine primarily focused on measurements of the human skull, based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the mind, and that certain brain areas have localized, specific functions or modules. Although both of those ideas have a basis in reality, phrenology extrapolated beyond empirical knowledge in a way that departed from science. Developed by German physician Franz Joseph Gall in 1796, the discipline was very popular in the 19th century, especially from about 1810 until 1840. The principal British centre for phrenology was Edinburgh, where the Edinburgh Phrenological Society was established in 1820.
Randall was first and correct with:
Alan J wrote:
That's using someone else's
Head. Phrenologist read the bumps and other irregularities in the human
skull to determine personality and mental illness.
Jim from CA, retired to ID, responded:
Birthday celebrations ran late Friday and continued Saturday. Today I think we're easing back into reality.
Patriot Act NSA Spying Unconstitutional Section 215 National Security Letters Must End
My name is Marc Perkel and I have decided to announce that I will not comply with the so called "Patriot Act" laws requiring me to disclose information about my customers. If I receive a national security letter I will immediately photograph it, post it online everywhere I can, and then make a video of me burning it. I will then await my arrest. If you want to put me in jail then come get me mother fucker.
CBS opens the night with a FRESH'Kevin Can Wait', followed by a FRESH'Man With A Plan', then a FRESH'2 Broke Girls', followed by a FRESH'The Gawd-Awful Odd Couple', then a FRESH'Scorpion'.
Scheduled on a FRESHStephen Colbert are Tom Hanks and Adam Conover.
Scheduled on a FRESHJames Corden, OBE, are Nick Offerman, Ron Howard, Aldis Hodge, and Norah Jones.
NBC begins the night with a FRESH'The Voice', followed by a FRESH'Timeless'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Fallon are Ricky Gervais, Evan Rachel Wood, and Michael Buble.
Scheduled on a FRESHSeth Meyers are Elijah Wood, Ana Gasteyer, and Spencer Ludwig.
Scheduled on a FRESHCarson 'The Scab' Daly are Jon Glaser, Moving Units, and Adam Conover.
ABC starts the night with a FRESH'Dancing With The Stars', followed by a FRESH'Conviction'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Kimmel is President Barack Obama.
The CW offers a FRESH'Supergirl', followed by a FRESH'Jane The Virgin'.
Faux has a FRESH'Gotham', followed by a FRESH'Lucifer'.
MY has 'TMZ (Not So) Live', followed by a FRESH'Harry'.
A&E has 'The First 48', 'The First 48: The Killer At Home', followed by a FRESH'The First 48: Drugs Kill', then another 'The First 48: Drugs Kill'.
AMC offers the movie 'Stephen King's Thinner', followed by the movie '1408', then the movie 'Carrie'.
[6:00AM] PLANET EARTH - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 3-Fresh Water
[7:00AM] PLANET EARTH - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 4-Caves
[8:00AM] PLANET EARTH - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 5-Deserts
[9:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 9-Flatline
[10:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 10-In the Forest of the Night
[11:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 18-Cause and Effect
[12:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 19-The First Duty
[1:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 20-Cost of Living
[2:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION -,SEASON 5 - EPISODE 25-The Inner Light
[3:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 26-Time's Arrow (Part 1)
[4:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 1-Time's Arrow (Part 2)
[5:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 2-Realm of Fear
[6:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 3-Man of the People
[7:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 4-Relics
[8:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 5-Schisms
[9:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 6-True Q
[10:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 25-The Inner Light
[11:00PM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 5 - EPISODE 26-Time's Arrow (Part 1)
[12:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 1-Time's Arrow (Part 2)
[1:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 2-Realm of Fear
[2:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 3-Man of the People
[3:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 4-Relics
[4:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 5-Schisms
[5:00AM] STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION - SEASON 6 - EPISODE 6-True Q (ALL TIMES EDT)
Bravo has 'Real Housewives Of OC', followed by a FRESH'OC Social', then a FRESH'Real Housewives Of OC', followed by a FRESH'Yours, Mine Or Ours', another 'Yours, Mine Or Ours', then a FRESH'Watch What Happens Live'.
Comedy Central has 'Futurama', another 'Futurama', and 3 hours of old 'South Park'.
On a RERUNThe Daily Show it's Democalypse 2016: The Best of the Worst.
On a RERUN@Midnight (from 10/20/16) are "Weird Al" Yankovic, Kate Micucci, and Brent Weinbach.
FX has the movie 'Jack Reacher', followed by the movie '22 Jump Street', then the movie '22 Jump Street', again.
History has 'American Pickers', another 'American Pickers', followed by a FRESH'American Pickers', then a FRESH'Pawn Stars', followed by a FRESH'Pawn Stars: Pumped Up'.
[6:00AM] THE THREE STOOGES-Back to the Woods
[6:30AM] THE THREE STOOGES-Pardon My Scotch
[7:00AM] THE THREE STOOGES-Uncivil Warriors
[9:30AM] WEIRD SCIENCE
[4:00PM] WEIRD SCIENCE
[6:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Streaking
[6:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Battle of the Sexists
[7:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Eric's Burger Job
[7:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-The Keg
[8:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-That Disco Episode
[8:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Drive-In
[9:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Thanksgiving
[9:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Sunday Bloody Sunday
[10:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Eric's Buddy
[10:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-The Best Christmas Ever
[11:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Streaking
[11:30PM] THAT '70S SHOW-Battle of the Sexists
[12:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Eric's Burger Job
[12:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-The Keg
[1:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-That Disco Episode
[1:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Drive-In
[2:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Thanksgiving
[2:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Sunday Bloody Sunday
[3:00AM] THAT '70S SHOW-Eric's Buddy
[3:30AM] THAT '70S SHOW-The Best Christmas Ever
[4:00AM] DOCUMENTARY NOW!-The Bunker
[4:30AM] AMERICAN HISTORY X (ALL TIMES EDT)
[8:00AM] The Last of the Mohicans
[10:30AM] The Man in the Iron Mask
[1:30PM] Crazy Heart
[4:00PM] Rain Man
[6:30PM] Saturday Night Fever
[9:00PM] The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
[12:30AM] Stand by Me
[2:30AM] The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (ALL TIMES EDT)
SyFy has the movie 'I, Frankenstein', followed by the movie 'Blade: Trinity', then the movie 'Blade'.
More than 80 protesters were arrested on Saturday after clashing with police near a pipeline construction site in North Dakota, according to the local sheriff's department, which said pepper spray was used on some demonstrators.
The 83 protesters were arrested near the site of the Dakota Access pipeline on numerous charges ranging from assault on a peace officer to rioting and criminal trespass, the Morton County Sheriff's department said in a statement.
Law enforcement was alerted early Saturday morning to an SUV on private property near the pipeline construction site and found that four men had attached themselves to the vehicle, according to the sheriff's department. Police removed the men from the SUV before arresting them.
Later, around 300 protesters marched toward pipeline construction equipment and tried to breach a police line keeping them from the equipment, the sheriff's department said.
Some were pepper sprayed by law enforcement. One protester attempted to grab a can of pepper spray from an officer, resulting in the officer being sprayed.
The sign placed at the site where Emmett Till's body was found appears to have been damaged by bullet holes, CBS affiliate WJTV reports.
Till, a black 14-year-old boy from Chicago, was kidnapped and brutally killed in the Mississippi Delta in 1955 after witnesses said he whistled at a white woman. His murder helped rally the civil rights movement.
The historical site has gotten a lot of online attention after Kevin Wilson Jr. posted a picture of the damage on Facebook.
The sign has more than 40 holes in it. Those who oversee the Emmett Till Memory Project are collecting the donations. They said if they reach 10 percent of their goal, they can replace the sign. If they reach the entire goal, they can update the sign and develop a smartphone app that has GPS tracking that will connect them to other marked sites.
At the wedding of his grandfather, King Aleksandar I of Yugoslavia, nearly a century ago, more than 100,000 people thronged Belgrade's streets in heavy rain to celebrate.
Prince Mihajlo Karadjordjevic's wedding on Sunday was a somewhat lower profile event -- covered by the tabloids but largely ignored by other media, leaving some Serbians completely unaware of the first "royal" wedding in decades.
The 30-year-old prince married Ljubica Ljubisavljevic, a Belgrade-born pharmacist, at the Orthodox Church of St George at Oplenac in central Serbia, where members of the Karadjordjevic dynasty are buried.
The Karadjordjevic dynasty was founded by Djordje Petrovic, known as Karadjordje ("Black George"), who came from a family of pig farmers but led the first Serbian uprising against Ottoman rule in the early 19th century.
Aside from a cousin's ceremony 20 years ago, the last royal wedding in Serbia was the celebrated Belgrade marriage of King Aleksandar I and Princess Maria of Romania in June 1922, considered an important Balkan political union.
Donald Trump picked up his first only major newspaper endorsement of the November election over the weekend when the Las Vegas Review-Journal became one of the few to back the Republican nominee.
"These are turbulent times," the newspaper, which is owned by Republican megadonor Sheldon Adelson (R-Sugar Daddy), said in an editorial. "More and more Americans express frustration and disillusionment today with the political institutions that govern the nation. They clamor for an alternative to the incestuous and pernicious atmosphere dominating the capital. They see a vast array of lobbyists, elected officials and entrenched interests manipulating the levers of power for their own enrichment at the expense of ordinary citizens."
The editorial mimics some of Trump's own language on the stump, calling Clinton a "disaster" when it comes to appointing judges to the Supreme Court:
Last week, the Santa Barbara News-Press and St. Joseph News-Press became the first two since the primary season to back the brash billionaire.
Protesters shout slogans during a rally in front of the parliament in Warsaw, Poland, Sunday, Oct. 23, 2016. Polish women again donned black and took to the streets on Sunday, launching another round of protests against efforts by the nation's conservative leaders to tighten Poland's already restrictive abortion law.
Photo by Alik Keplicz
A decade ago, environmentalists and the federal government agreed to revive a 150-mile stretch of California's second-longest river, an ambitious effort aimed at allowing salmon again to swim up to the Sierra Nevada foothills to spawn.
A major milestone is expected by the end of the month, when the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation says the stretch of the San Joaquin River will be flowing year-round for the first time in more than 60 years.
But the goal of restoring native salmon remains far out of reach.
The original plan was to complete the task in 2012. Now, federal officials expect it will occur in 2022. And the government's original estimate of $800 million has ballooned to about $1.7 billion.
"I think we all had hoped we'd be further along," said Doug Obegi, an attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council, which led the lawsuit that produced the deal with the government to bring back salmon. "Restoring the state's second-largest river was never to be a cakewalk."
Multitudes of feral cats roam New York City's concrete jungle, and some now have a practical purpose: They're helping curb the city's rat population.
A group of volunteers trained by the NYC Feral Cat Initiative traps wild cat colonies that have become a nuisance or been threatened by construction, then spays or neuters and vaccinates them. The goal is to return them to their home territory, but some end up in areas rife with rats.
Feline rat patrols keep watch over city delis and bodegas, car dealerships and the grounds of a Greenwich Village church. Four cats roam the loading dock at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, where food deliveries and garbage have drawn rodents for years.
About 6,000 volunteers have completed workshops where they've learned proper ways to trap cats.
The program is run through the privately funded Mayor's Alliance for NYC's Animals, a coalition of more than 150 animal rescue groups and shelters. It estimates as many as half a million feral and stray cats roam New York's five boroughs.
Women in their costumes of the region sit in a horse-drawn carriage during the traditional Leonhardi pilgrimage in Warngau near Munich, Germany, Oct. 23, 2016. The annual pilgrimage honors St. Leonhard, patron saint of the highland farmers for horses and livestock.
Photo by Matthias Schrade
A painstaking restoration of a 15th-century Flemish masterpiece is revealing the long-lost detail and splendour that helped make the altarpiece one of the world's most stolen artworks.
"The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" by the Van Eyck brothers was unveiled 600 years ago at Saint Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, but since then its full glory has dimmed, after being split into pieces, seized by Napoleon, then the Nazis, and nabbed by thieves.
The giant altarpiece, which measures 4.4 metres by 3.4 metres (15 feet by 10 feet), is attributed to Hubert Van Eyck and his better-known brother Jan, and was completed in 1432 when Ghent in modern-day northern Belgium was the wealthy powerhouse of the European wool cloth trade.
The "Mystic Lamb" depicted on the lower central internal panel represents Jesus, and also refers to the emblem of the wool merchants guild which played a hugely important role in the city.
Returning a restored "Mystic Lamb" to St Bavo's Cathedral is nearly the end of the story but there is -- literally -- one piece still missing.
Tyler Perry bested Tom Cruise at the box office this weekend. Perry's "Boo! A Madea Halloween" opened in the top spot with an estimated $27.6 million, edging Cruise's "Jack Reacher: Never Go Back" into second place, according to studio estimates Sunday.
It's the third best opening for a "Madea" movie, behind "Madea Goes to Jail" and "Madea's Family Reunion" and a sign of the character's longstanding appeal to audiences.
"A Madea Halloween" proved to be the strongest of the slew of sequels this weekend, topping even the star power of Tom Cruise, whose "Jack Reacher: Never Go Back" took in $23 million for Paramount Pictures.
Coming in third this weekend was the horror prequel "Ouija: Origin of Evil" with $14.1 million - just the latest in a string of highly fruitful and modestly budgeted horror pics this year, including "The Conjuring 2," ''Don't Breathe" and "Light's Out."
Estimated ticket sales for Friday through Sunday at U.S. and Canadian theaters, according to comScore. Where available, the latest international numbers for Friday through Sunday are also included. Final domestic figures will be released Monday.
1. "Tyler Perry's Boo! A Madea Halloween," $27.6 million.
2."Jack Reacher: Never Go Back," $23 million ($31 million international).
3."Ouija: Origin of Evil," $14.1 million ($7.9 million international).
4."The Accountant," $14 million ($5.6 million international).
5."The Girl on the Train," $7.3 million ($5.9 million international).
6."Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children," $6 million ($13.5 million international).
7."Keeping Up with the Joneses," ''$5.6 million ($2.5 million international).
8."Kevin Hart: What Now?" $4.1 million.
9."Storks," ''$4.1 million ($6.8 million international).
10."Deepwater Horizon," $3.6 million ($1.8 million international).
Cecilia Hart, an actress of stage and screen and the wife of actor James Earl Jones, died Sunday after a one-year battle with ovarian cancer. She was 68.
The two met on the 1979-80 Steven Bochco series Paris, in which Jones played Los Angeles Police Captain Woody Paris and Hart portrayed a young detective, Sgt. Stacey Erickson.
Hart played Desdemona opposite Jones' Othello on Broadway in 1982, and they were married in March of that year.
The couple attended the Tony Awards in June. Jones is a winner of two Tonys and received an honorary Oscar in 2012 for his legendary body of film work.
Hart was nominated for a Drama Desk Award in 1977 for her performance in Tom Stoppard's Dirty Linen & New-Found-Land, and she also appeared on Broadway in revivals of The Heiress and Design for Living.
A native of Cheyenne, Wyo., and the daughter of an Army colonel, Hart previously was married to actor Bruce Weitz, best known for playing Sgt. Mick Belker on Hill Street Blues, another Bochco series. Jones' first wife was actress Julienne Marie.
In addition to Jones, Hart's survivors include their son Flynn and her brothers James and William. The family requests that donations in Hart's name be made to The Actors Fund or Hudson Valley Hospice.
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