Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of air (1.225 g/L) that is odorless at normally encountered concentrations. Carbon dioxide consists of a carbon atom covalently double bonded to two oxygen atoms. It occurs naturally in Earth's atmosphere as a trace gas at a concentration of about 0.04 percent (400 ppm) by volume. Natural sources include volcanoes, hot springs and geysers, and it is freed from carbonate rocks by dissolution in water and acids. Because carbon dioxide is soluble in water, it occurs naturally in groundwater, rivers and lakes, ice caps, glaciers and seawater. It is present in deposits of petroleum and natural gas.
As the source of available carbon in the carbon cycle, atmospheric carbon dioxide is the primary carbon source for life on Earth and its concentration in Earth's pre-industrial atmosphere since late in the Precambrian has been regulated by photosynthetic organisms and geological phenomena. Plants, algae and cyanobacteria use light energy to photosynthesize carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water, with oxygen produced as a waste product.
Carbon dioxide is the most significant long-lived greenhouse gas in Earth's atmosphere. Since the Industrial Revolution anthropogenic emissions - primarily from use of fossil fuels and deforestation - have rapidly increased its concentration in the atmosphere, leading to global warming. Carbon dioxide also causes ocean acidification because it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid.
Gene was first and correct with:
CO2. It has the potentiality of being in the atmosphere or oceans for thousands of years.
accordion to sciencedaily.com:
"Scientists from U of T's Department of Chemistry have discovered a novel chemical lurking in the atmosphere that appears to be a long-lived greenhouse gas (LLGHG). The chemical -- perfluorotributylamine (PFTBA) -- is the most radiatively efficient chemical found to date, breaking all other chemical records for its potential to impact climate."
Alan J said:
Jim from CA, retired to ID, responded:
Going with a WAG - Methane.
Another seasonal, beautiful spring day in the books. Headed to the coast for a hike at Pt. Reyes and visiting some local artisanal cheese producing farms.
Happy Mother's Day!
Dale of Diamond Springs, Norcali wrote:
Carbon dioxide along with Methane from the White House.
Patriot Act NSA Spying Unconstitutional Section 215 National Security Letters Must End
My name is Marc Perkel and I have decided to announce that I will not comply with the so called "Patriot Act" laws requiring me to disclose information about my customers. If I receive a national security letter I will immediately photograph it, post it online everywhere I can, and then make a video of me burning it. I will then await my arrest. If you want to put me in jail then come get me mother fucker.
CBS opens the night with a RERUN'Big Bang Theory', followed by a FRESH'Man With A Plan', then a RERUN'Big Bang Theory', followed by a RERUN'Kevin Can Wait', then a RERUN'Scorpion'.
Scheduled on a FRESHStephen Colbert are Danny McBride, Jane Krakowski, and Metallica.
Scheduled on a FRESHJames Corden, OBE, are Harry Styles and Aaron Taylor-Johnson.
NBC begins the night with a FRESH'The Voice', followed by a FRESH'The Wall'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Fallon are Michael Fassbender, Jeffrey Tambor, Weezer, and Todd Rundgren.
Scheduled on a FRESHSeth Meyers are Tracy Morgan, Michael McKean, Sen. Ben Sasse, and Mark Guiliana.
Scheduled on a FRESHCarson 'The Scab' Daly are Charlamagne Tha God, the Frights, and AJ Mendez Brooks.
ABC starts the night with a FRESH'Dancing With The Stars', followed by a FRESH'Quantico'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Kimmel are Ed Helms, Paul George, and Vladimir Caamano.
The CW offers a FRESH'Supergirl', followed by a FRESH'Jane The Virgin'.
Faux has a FRESH'Gotham', followed by a FRESH'Lucifer'.
MY recycles an old 'L&O: SVU', followed by another old 'L&O: SVU'.
A&E has 'The First 48', followed by a FRESH'The First 48: Murder For Hire'.
AMC offers the movie 'Jurassic Park III', 'Better Call Saul', followed by a FRESH'Better Call Saul'.
[6:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 4-Listen
[7:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 5-Time Heist
[8:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 6-The Caretaker
[9:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 7-Kill the Moon
[10:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 8-Mummy on the Orient Express
[11:00AM] DOCTOR WHO - SEASON 8 - EPISODE 9-Flatline
[12:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 1-Caretaker, Pt. 1
[1:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 2-Caretaker, Pt. 2
[2:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 3-Parallax
[3:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 4-Time and Again
[4:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 5-Phage
[5:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 6-The Cloud
[6:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 7-Eye of the Needle
[7:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 8-Ex Post Facto
[8:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 9-Emanations
[9:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 1-Caretaker, Pt. 1
[10:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 2-Caretaker, Pt. 2
[11:00PM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 3-Parallax
[12:00AM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 4-Time and Again
[1:00AM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 5-Phage
[2:00AM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 6-The Cloud
[3:00AM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 7-Eye of the Needle
[4:00AM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 8-Ex Post Facto
[5:00AM] STAR TREK: VOYAGER - SEASON 1 - EPISODE 9-Emanations (ALL TIMES EDT)
Bravo has 'Southern Charm', another 'Southern Charm', followed by a FRESH'Southern Charm', then a FRESH'Southern Charm Savannah', followed by a FRESH'Watch What Happens Live'.
Comedy Central has 2 hours of old 'South Park' and 2 hours of old 'Tosh.0'.
Scheduled on a FRESHThe Daily Show is Timothy Snyder.
Scheduled on a FRESH@Midnight are Ken Jennings, Kelly Rohrbach, and Steve Agee.
FX has the movie 'Oblivion', followed by the movie 'Battleship'.
History has 'American Pickers', another 'American Pickers', followed by a FRESH'American Pickers', then a FRESH'Pawn Stars', followed by another FRESH'Pawn Stars'.
[6:00AM] BAD BOYS
[8:45AM] LIAR LIAR
[1:15PM] BAD BOYS
[4:00PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Surprise, Surprise
[4:31PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Winter
[5:02PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Don't Lie to Me
[5:33PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Can't You Hear Me Knocking
[6:04PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Street Fighting Man
[6:35PM] THAT '70S SHOW -It's All Over Now
[7:06PM] THAT '70S SHOW -On With the Show
[7:37PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Down the Road Apiece
[8:08PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Oh Baby (We Got a Good Thing Goin')
[8:39PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Who's Been Sleeping Here
[9:10PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Surprise, Surprise
[9:41PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Winter
[10:12PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Don't Lie to Me
[10:43PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Can't You Hear Me Knocking
[11:14PM] THAT '70S SHOW -Street Fighting Man
[11:45PM] THAT '70S SHOW -It's All Over Now
[12:15AM] THAT '70S SHOW -On With the Show
[12:45AM] THAT '70S SHOW -Down the Road Apiece
[1:15AM] LIAR LIAR
[5:45AM] COMEDY BANG! BANG! -Ty Burrell (ALL TIMES EDT)
[6:00AM] M*A*S*H -What's Up Doc?
[6:30AM] M*A*S*H -Mail Call Three
[7:00AM] M*A*S*H -Temporary Duty
[7:30AM] M*A*S*H -Potter's Retirement
[8:00AM] M*A*S*H -Dr. Winchester and Mr. Hyde
[8:30AM] M*A*S*H -Major Topper
[9:00AM] M*A*S*H -Commander Pierce
[9:30AM] M*A*S*H -Peace on Us
[10:00AM] M*A*S*H -Lil
[10:30AM] M*A*S*H -Our Finest Hour
[11:00AM] M*A*S*H -Our Finest Hour
[11:30AM] M*A*S*H -The Billfold Syndrome
[12:00PM] M*A*S*H -None Like It Hot
[12:30PM] M*A*S*H -They Call the Wind Korea
[1:00PM] Mississippi Burning
[4:00PM] The Rainmaker
[7:00PM] Clear and Present Danger
[10:00PM] Midnight Express
[12:45AM] Mississippi Burning
[3:45AM] Hap and Leonard: Mucho Mojo -Bad Mojo
[4:45AM] Barney Miller -The Mole
[5:15AM] Barney Miller -Evacuation
[5:45AM] Barney Miller -Quarantine (ALL TIMES EDT)
SyFy has the movie 'Maleficient', followed by the movie 'Seventh Son'.
On a RERUNConan (from 12/21/16) are Bryan Cranston, James Franco, Barry Crimmins, and Billie Joe Armstrong.
Actor Cuba Gooding Jr poses with the award for best International show for "The People vs O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story" at the British Academy Television Awards at the Royal Festival Hall in London, Sunday, May 14, 2017.
Photo by Joel Ryan
For the first time since an Oval Office taping system was removed by President Richard Nixon's chief of staff nearly 44 years ago, a president has hinted that White House conversations might again be secretly recorded. If so, Donald Trump (R-Corrupt) is following a problematic precedent.
While several presidents secretly recorded conversations without problems, the practice is most associated with Nixon. His recordings became prime evidence during the Watergate investigation that ultimately led to his resignation. Sooner or later, recordings are likely to become public.
"The lesson for presidents since Nixon was, do not tape your Oval Office conversations," said Timothy Naftali, a professor at New York University and the first federal director of the Richard Nixon Presidential Library in Yorba Linda, California. "It can only get you in trouble."
Trump tweeted Friday that former FBI Director James Comey "better hope that there are no 'tapes' of our conversations before he starts leaking to the press."
The extraordinary if ambiguous tweet came three days after Trump fired Comey, who was overseeing the bureau's investigation into Russian meddling in the presidential election and whether anyone in Trump's campaign was involved.
US artist Carolee Schneemann, center, winner of the career Golden Lion award at the 57th Venice Biennale contemporary art show, holds her trophy in Venice, Italy, Saturday, May, 13, 2017. The Biennale made the awards Saturday as the oldest contemporary art fair opened its six-month stint.
Photo by Andrea Merola
"Timeless" had been canceled by NBC after only one season, but the network shocked the cast, crew and fans of the series by un-canceling it a few days later.
Now, the Abigail Spencer-starrer will officially be back for at least another season. On his Twitter account, Matt Lanter shared the news to his followers, saying that their mission to urge NBC to renew the series has been successful. "I just wanted to hop on and tell you that I think the mission was successful. We want back, and I'm pretty sure we changed NBC's minds. So yeah, we've got more episodes coming. See you real soon," he said.
Earlier this week, series co-creator Eric Kripke tweeted that he and his co-creator, Shaw Ryan, will try to find another home for the series. However, he also said that it could be a long shot. Following Lanter's announcement, an insider from Peacock net told TV Line that it was because of the fans that they decided to renew "Timeless" for Season 2. "We heard the fans and didn't want to be on the wrong side of history," the source said.
In addition, Ryan tweeted the news about the renewal of "Timeless" and said that the series was supposed to return to NBC in the summer, but since the renewal came much later, Season 2 might premiere in the spring. Kripke also took the time to thank the fans for all their support and confirmed that Season 2 will have a total of 10 episodes.
Before dawn in the Indian Himalayas, scores of patients clutching small vials of urine queue patiently to see Yeshi Dhonden, a Tibetan monk who became a legend as personal healer to the Dalai Lama.
Tibetan medicine, known as Sowa-Rigpa, draws on centuries-old techniques such as blood-letting, cupping, and moxibustion -- burning herbs on energy points of the body -- to try to heal ailments.
The practise draws on aspects of traditional Chinese medicine and India's Ayurvedic system as well as its own unique theories and treatments. It also features spiritual practises including meditation and Buddhist prayer.
Today it attracts devotees from all over the globe, hoping for help with conditions from back pain to cancer and degenerative diseases.
Dhonden -- who spent three decades tending the health of Tibet's spiritual leader -- relies on his senses to divine what ails patients.
The performers team of 'Faust', by German artist Anne Imhof, winner of the Golden Lion for Best National Pavillion award at the 57th Venice Biennale contemporary art show, pose in St. Mark's Square in Venice, Italy, Saturday, May, 13, 2017. The Biennale made the awards Saturday as the oldest contemporary art fair opened its six-month stint.
Photo by Andrea Merola
The beehives of Ethiopia, Africa's top honey producer, make about a quarter of the continent's honey, but travellers who come to sample the liquid gold often find there isn't enough to go around?.
In a country where 85 percent of all jobs are in agriculture, industry experts say the beekeeping -- or apiculture -- sector is still a long way from harvesting its full potential, hampered by outdated, low-yield techniques, periodic droughts and uncompetitive prices.
Honey traditionally plays a big role in Ethiopian life -- where its delicious white, red and yellow varieties are used in cooking, for medicinal purposes and as a key ingredient in the local mead known as tej.
The problem is that the majority of farmers use outdated styles of beehives that are stored in trees or clay jars.
Equipped with the right modern techniques, honey production has the potential to pull thousands of poor farmers out of poverty, experts say.
Replace Communications Team With Fox "News" Producers
Donald Trump (R-Crooked), frustrated with leaks from his communications team, is now possibly looking to replace them with producers and a host from television station Fox News.
The channel, owned by Mr Trump's close friend carpetbagger Rupert Murdoch (R-Evil Incarnate), has been an ardent supporter of the president and his aides.
The murmurs of replacing the communications staff began when Mr Trump kept them in the dark about the firing of FBI Director James Comey. It left the team charged with explaining the decision to the American people with just an hour's notice and no real discussion with Mr Trump himself.
Their message that Mr Trump decided to fire Mr Comey after reading a memo from the Department of Justice was reversed by Mr Trump himself the next day.
A model presents headwear with a split brim for Australian designer Dion Lee during the first runway show of Fashion Week Australia on the steps of the Sydney Opera House, in Sydney, Australia, May 14, 2017.
Photo by Jason Reed
The nation's federal prosecutors should bring the toughest charges possible against most crime suspects, Attorney General Jeff Sessions (R-Racist) instructed in a move that critics assailed as a return to failed drug-war policies that unduly affected minorities and filled prisons with nonviolent offenders.
The move announced Friday is a reversal of Obama-era policies that is sure to send more people to prison and for much longer terms. It has long been expected from Sessions, a former federal prosecutor who cut his teeth during the height of the crack cocaine epidemic and who has promised to make combating violence and drugs the Justice Department's top priority.
"This policy affirms our responsibility to enforce the law, is moral and just, and produces consistency," Sessions wrote in a memo to U.S. attorneys made public early Friday.
Advocates warned the shift would crowd federal prisons and strain Justice Department resources. Some involved in criminal justice during the drug war feared the human impact would look similar.
The announcement is an unmistakable undoing of Obama administration criminal justice policies that aimed to ease overcrowding in federal prisons and contributed to a national rethinking of how drug criminals were prosecuted and sentenced.
Donald Trump's (R-Grifter) economic policies risk creating growth that mostly benefits the rich and aggravates income inequality in the United States, Nobel Prize-winning economist Angus Deaton said.
Trump was swept to power on promises of help for poorer Americans but Deaton said his proposals to roll back regulations on finance and industry and cut healthcare benefits would mostly help corporate groups with political influence.
Trump's plans to cut taxes and raise trade barriers, if enacted, might give a short-term income boost to some workers but would not deliver the long-term growth that is essential for mitigating the effects of inequality, he said in an interview.
"I don't think any of it is good" for addressing income inequality, said Deaton, a Princeton University professor, who won the Nobel Prize for economics in 2015 for his work on poverty, welfare and consumption.
Income inequality has grown sharply in the United States over recent decades since Red-Ink Raygun and the World Bank says that at a global level the gap has widened too since the 1990s, despite progress recently in some countries.
German artist Anne Imhof, center, holds up her Golden Lion for Best National Pavillion award at the 57th Venice Biennale contemporary art show, in Venice, Italy, Saturday, May, 13, 2017. The Biennale made the awards Saturday as the oldest contemporary art fair opened its six-month stint. At right is Cabinet Undersecretary Maria Elena Boschi.
Photo by Andrea Merola
Researchers from around the world are scratching their heads over a newly discovered radio burst detected on Earth, but with a completely unknown origin. A new report describing the event and the subsequent investigation is now available online, but the key takeaway is that despite our best efforts and wealth of technology employed to discover the source, humanity has simply come up short. What's even more bizarre is that this isn't the first time it's happened.
Scientists call them "fast radio bursts," or FRBs for short, and they've been confounding researchers for some time now. This newest burst, labeled FRB 150215 is the latest of 22 detected FRBs thus far, but it's also the most frustrating for those hunting for the source.
FRB 150215 was first detected in Australia by scientists running the Parkes Telescope, but once the radio burst arrived, many other research groups with their own powerful telescopes sprung into action in search of the source. Despite their best efforts, nobody has been able to figure out where the radio burst originated, which is odd for a number of reasons, but the strangest thing about FRB 150215 - and FRBs in general - is that anything powerful enough to produce a radio burst that could be detected on Earth, yet remain completely out of sight, must be absolutely massive in scale.
Some scientists have theorized that the burst are created by supernovas, and that because the light of the event reaches Earth long before the radio waves, the source appears to have vanished. Of course, there are plenty of theories that hinge on the possibility of intelligent alien life attempting to make contact with other civilizations, but if that is indeed the case, we're going to have one heck of a time trying to find them.
The first major box office flop of the summer movie season has arrived.
Studio estimates on Sunday say director Guy Ritchie's "King Arthur: Legend of the Sword" opened to a bleak $14.7 million from more than 3,700 locations against a costly $175 million production budget.
The gritty reimaging of the Excalibur myth starring Charlie Hunnam as Arthur debuted in third place behind box office leader "Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2" and "Snatched" at No. 2.
"Snatched" surprised analysts by beating "King Arthur" on the charts. The raunchy, R-rated Amy Schumer and Goldie Hawn comedy from 20th Century Fox opened with $17.5 million.
Rounding out the top five were holdovers "The Fate of the Furious," with $5.3 million, and "The Boss Baby" with $4.6 million.
Estimated ticket sales for Friday through Sunday at U.S. and Canadian theaters, according to comScore. Where available, the latest international numbers for Friday through Sunday are also included. Final domestic figures will be released Monday.
1. "Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2," $63 million ($52.2 million international).
2."Snatched," $17.5 million ($3.2 million international).
3."King Arthur: Legend of the Sword," $14.7 million ($29.1 million international).
4."The Fate of the Furious," $5.3 million ($13.6 million international).
5."The Boss Baby," $4.6 million ($8.7 million international).
6."Beauty and the Beast," $3.9 million ($7.5 million international).
7."How to be a Latin Lover," $3.8 million ($3.7 million international).
8."Lowriders," $2.4 million.
9."The Circle," $1.7 million ($810,000 international).
10."MET Opera: Der Rosenkavalier (2017)," $1.7 million ($1.5 million international).
His talents weren't only limited to genre material. He played former mayor Lamar Wyatt on 26 episodes of the country drama "Nashville," as well as Judge "Wall" Hatflied on "Hatfields & McCoys." Prior to that, he played saloon owner Cy Tolliver on "Deadwood" and Vice President Daniels on "24."
According to reps, there will be a private service held in Texas where he was from. A memorial celebration in his honor is being considered for a future date. Donations can be made to the Gary Sinise Foundation, which honors the nation's defenders, veterans, first responders, their families and those in need.
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