Implemented in 1945, this program brought over 1,500 scientists, technicians, and engineers from Nazi Germany, and other foreign countries, to the United States for employment. What was the name of this operation?
Operation Paperclip was the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program in which over 1,500 German scientists, technicians, and engineers from Nazi Germany and other foreign countries were brought to the United States for employment in the aftermath of World War II. It was conducted by the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), and in the context of the burgeoning Cold War. One purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific expertise and knowledge to the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom, as well as inhibiting post-war Germany from redeveloping its military research capabilities.
Lois OF The Cosmos In Oregon was first, and correct, with:
Ha! Didn't need to look THIS one up! I listen to Coast To
Coast AM every night on the way home from work and therefore
knows all about such things like Operation Paperclip, which
drafted talent like Werner Von Braun (or was that Dr.
Strangelove?) to Team America! Yesterday's Nazis are
tomorrow's Republicans, and vice a versa.
On a side note,
kudos to our President for the Keystone veto! Almost made me
remember why I voted for him five times.
P.S. So glad you're feeling better Marty!
I was actually reading something about this the other day, but I don't remember exactly where.
There is much fascinating history here.
Alan J wrote:
They brought it all together and kept it secured with
Conceived by the CIA and implemented by the JIOA (Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency)
one objective of the plan was to deny scientific technical data to the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and hell, pretty much EVERYBODY except the USA.
Gee... that should have been easy, right?
You just inform Germans that they need to:
...report with your family at the railway station.
There is no need to bring extra clothing.
Just bring easily carried items such as gold, jewelry and family documents.
You will be transported west by railroad train and everyting vill be vunderful,
Yeah... no reason for anyone in 1945 Germany to be uncomfortable with THAT idea, hunh?
Just heard out thus recently, maybe watching a Marvel tv show or movie.
Jim from CA, retired to ID, said:
kenn b wrote:
Dale of Diamond Springs, Norcali answered:
Operation Paperclip. To get around President Truman's anti-Nazi order, Within the OSS (The CIA's predecessors) the JIOA (Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency) created false background history and employment papers for the Nazis. The JIOA also expunged from the public record the scientists' Nazi Party memberships and régime affiliations.
Good ole Spy vs. Spy shit!
Starring the developer of the V-2 rocket that blitzed England, Wernher von Braun, brilliant scientist and member of the Nazi Party and SS (He held the rank of Sturmbannf?hrer - i.e. Major)... We grabbed him (and the others) two days before the Russians got to them.
Seen here with JFK... Ol' Wernher helped get us to the Moon. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in '75. Not too bad for a reputed war criminal that used concentration camp forced labor in his endeavors...
All I can say is that better we got 'im than the Rooskies, eh?
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CBS begins the night with a FRESH'Amazing Race', followed by a FRESH'Hawaii Five-0', then a FRESH'Blue Bloods'.
On a RERUNDave (from 2/2/15) are Jack Hanna, Sharon Jones and the Dap-Kings.
Scheduled on a FRESHLate, Late Show, with tonight's guy guest host, Kunal Nayyar, are Simon Helberg, Britt Robertson, and Owen Benjamin.
NBC starts the night with a RERUN'The Night Shift', followed by 'Dateline'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Fallon are Josh Hutcherson, Abbi Jacobson & Ilana Glazer, and Michael Schlow.
On a RERUNSeth Meyers (from 2/18/15) are Kathy Griffin, Peter Sarsgaard, and the Mavericks.
On a RERUNCarson 'The Scab' Daly (from 2/5/15) are Iliza Shlesinger, King Tuff, and Jonny Weston.
ABC opens the night with a FRESH'Last Man Standing', followed by a FRESH'Cristela', then a RERUN'Shark Tank', followed by '20/20'.
Scheduled on a FRESHJimmy Kimmel are Benedict Cumberbatch, Stana Katic, and Music MashUp from Aloe BlaccStreet.
The CW offers a FRESH'Hart Of Dixie', followed by a RERUN'Whose Line Is It Anyway?', then another RERUN'Whose Line Is It Anyway?'.
Faux has a FRESH'World's Funniest Fails', followed by a FRESH'Glee'.
AMC offers the movie 'Doomsday', followed by the movie 'Shaun Of The Dead'.
[6:00AM] BBC World News
[7:00AM] BBC World News
[8:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 4 - Ep 11 - Data's Day
[9:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 4 - Ep 12 - The Wounded
[10:00AM] Doctor Who - Season 7 - Ep 2 - Dinosaurs on a Spaceship
[11:00AM] Doctor Who - Season 7 - Ep 3 - A Town Called Mercy
[12:00PM] Atlantis - Season 2 - Ep 1 - A New Dawn (Part 1)
[1:00PM] Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares UK - Season 3 - Ep 1 - La Parra de Burriana
[2:00PM] Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares US - Season 5 - Ep 8 - Michon's
[3:00PM] Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares US - Season 2 - Ep 4 - Black Pearl
[4:00PM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 2 - Ep 1 - The Child
[5:00PM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 2 - Ep 2 - Where Silence Has Lease
[6:00PM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 2 - Ep 3 - Elementary, Dear Data
[7:00PM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 2 - Ep 4 - The Outrageous Okona
[8:00PM] Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves
[11:00PM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 11 - Parallels
[12:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 12 - The Pegasus
[1:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 13 - Homeward
[2:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 14 - Sub Rosa
[3:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 15 - Lower Decks
[4:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 16 - Thine Own Self
[5:00AM] Star Trek: The Next Generation - Season 7 - Ep 17 - Masks (ALL TIMES EST)
Bravo has 'The Making Of Dig', 'Bravo's First Look', followed by the movie 'Burlesque'.
Comedy Central has 'South Park', 'Tosh.0', followed by the movie 'The House Bunny', then the movie 'The Rocker'.
FX has the movie 'Star Trek', followed by the movie 'Prometheus'.
[6:00AM] LETHAL WEAPON 2
[8:30AM] LETHAL WEAPON 3
[11:15AM] LETHAL WEAPON
[1:45PM] LETHAL WEAPON 2
[4:15PM] LETHAL WEAPON 3
[7:00PM] NATIONAL LAMPOON'S EUROPEAN VACATION
[9:00PM] FLETCH LIVES
[11:00PM] COMEDY BANG! BANG!-JESSE TYLER FERGUSON WEARS A BROWN CHECKED SHIRT AND STRIPEY SOCKS
[11:30PM] COMEDY BANG! BANG!-RAINN WILSON
[11:45PM] NATIONAL LAMPOON'S VACATION
[2:00AM] COMEDY BANG! BANG!-JESSE TYLER FERGUSON WEARS A BROWN CHECKED SHIRT AND STRIPEY SOCKS
[2:30AM] COMEDY BANG! BANG!-TONY HAWK WEARS A PLAID SHIRT AND SILVER WATCH
[3:00AM] FLETCH LIVES
[5:00AM] PORTLANDIA-THE FIANCEE
[5:30AM] PORTLANDIA-HEALTHCARE (ALL TIMES EST)
[6:00AM] The Approval Matrix-Do's & Don'ts
[6:45AM] Roll Bounce
[11:45AM] The Happening
[1:45PM] The Terminator
[4:00PM] Law & Order-Helpless
[5:00PM] Law & Order-Working Mom
[6:00PM] Law & Order-Mad Dog
[7:00PM] Law & Order-Grief
[8:00PM] Law & Order-Carrier
[9:00PM] Law & Order-Entitled
[10:00PM] Law & Order-Fools for Love
[11:00PM] Law & Order-High & Low
[12:00AM] The Fugitive
[2:45AM] Risky Business
[5:00AM] Dream School-Dean Winters & Finance Guru Alvin Hall (ALL TIMES EST)
SyFy has the movie 'Final Destination', followed by a FRESH'12 Monkeys', then a FRESH'Helix'.
Graceland will always be home, but Las Vegas is set to be Elvis Presley's home away from home yet again.
Officials with Elvis Presley Enterprises Inc. and the Westgate Las Vegas casino-hotel revealed details Thursday of plans for "Graceland Presents Elvis: The Exhibition - The Show - The Experience" expected to open April 23, 59 years to the day when Elvis first performed in Las Vegas.
Some 28,000 square-feet will house a rotating display of memorabilia and artifacts rarely seen outside Graceland's Memphis, Tennessee, property. In addition, the very showroom where Presley performed several hundred sold-out shows when the casino-hotel was first known as The International and later the Las Vegas Hilton will be revamped by the Graceland crew to look much like it did in Elvis' day, complete with semi-circle booths.
Plans include a revamped Elvis Presley sanctioned wedding chapel, too, inside the Westgate Las Vegas, with Graceland taking over its operations.
America's fondness for Labrador retrievers is still setting records, but bulldogs are breaking new ground.
Labs reigned as the nation's top dog last year for the 24th year after breaking poodles' decades-old record in 2013, according to American Kennel Club rankings set to be released Thursday. But bulldogs have hit a new high - No. 4 - and their bat-eared cousins, French bulldogs, sauntered into the top 10 for the first time in nearly a century.
German shepherds, golden retrievers and beagles are holding their own in the top five, with Yorkshire terriers, poodles, boxers and Rottweilers filling out the top 10. Dachshunds slipped from 10th to 11th.
Bulldogs' rise is no surprise to fans who extol their unmistakable, push-faced expressions and generally calm demeanors.
The smaller, less jowly French bulldog - sometimes dubbed "a clown in the cloak of a philosopher" - has surged from 49th to 9th in a decade.
Two stolen Italian books dating to the 17th century that were discovered in California and many other plundered ancient artifacts will be returned to their country of origin, federal officials say.
The books, "Stirpium Historiae" and "Rariorm Plantarum Historia Anno 1601," were taken from Italy's Historical National Library of Agriculture and sold to an antiquities dealer in Italy, Immigration and Customs Enforcement said in a statement. The San Francisco Bay Area buyer willingly surrendered the books to investigators.
The items were stolen in Italy and smuggled into the U.S. over the last several years. Their value was not released.
Agents also recovered four stolen artifacts reported missing in July 2012. Three Roman frescos dating to 63-79 A.D. and a piece of dog-figure pottery from the 4th century B.C. that were illegally pilfered from Pompeii were recovered from a private art collection in San Diego and will be returned to Italy.
Prominent human rights lawyer Amal Clooney lashed out at the Canadian government, accusing Ottawa of "woefully inadequate" efforts to secure the repatriation of Al-Jazeera journalist Mohamed Fahmy from Egypt.
In a scathing rebuke of Prime Minister Stephen Harper's government, Clooney said diplomats had made only "sheepish whimpers" to Cairo instead of the required concerted efforts to secure her client's return.
Canadian reporter Fahmy faces a fresh trial in Egypt over accusations that he supported the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood movement in his news coverage with colleagues, a charge he has rejected as absurd.
A court freed Fahmy, Egyptian producer Baher Mohamed and other defendants on bail earlier this month after they spent more than 400 days in prison.
French award-winning actress Marion Cotillard toasts with other guest during a state dinner, at the Malacanang Presidential Palace, in Manila, Philippines, Thursday, Feb. 26, 2015. Cotillard is in the country with French President Francois Hollande on a two-day visit.
Photo by Aaron Favila
A $150,000 gown adorned with thousands of pearls and worn by Lupita Nyong'o at the Academy Awards has been reported stolen, sheriff's officials said Thursday.
Deputies responded to a West Hollywood hotel late Wednesday after the custom Calvin Klein Collection by Francisco Costa dress was reported missing from the hotel room of the actress, sheriff's Sgt. Richard Bowman said.
Bowman said Nyong'o was present when deputies took the report, but she wasn't in her room when the elaborate gown was taken.
The custom ivory dress designed by Costa included 6,000 pearls of various sizes.
Machine-generated fog that's part of "A Winter Landscape Cradling Bits of Sparkle" by artist Jennifer Wen Ma, wafts from the machine under mulched trees surrounding a small boardwalk path at the installation in Pittsburgh's Market Square on Thursday, Feb. 26, 2015. The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette says firefighters have been called to the location at least twice, including once Thursday morning, by people who mistook machine-generated fog that's part of a new art installation for smoke.
Photo by Keith Srakocic
Climate change is forcing an isolated Alaskan village, roughly 80 miles above the Arctic Circle, to relocate.
The very existence of Kivalina, a town with about 400 residents on a tiny barrier island off Alaska's northwest coast, is under threat as Arctic sea ice continues to melt into the surrounding Chukchi Sea.
Now the whaling community needs to figure out where to move the town and how to pay for it, after several previous attempts failed. It's a dilemma that could become more common as global warming continues, scientists warn.
Colleen Swan, who was born and raised in Kivalina, says residents realized they were in serious trouble during 2004's fall storm surges, when the ice that had typically protected the island had not formed yet - leaving them vulnerable.
A defensive wall has been erected, but that can only buy a bit more time. Swan says the threat of climate change extends far beyond Kivalina - and people should be prepared.
A protester wears a mask during a protest march to demand justice for the 43 missing students of the Ayotzinapa Teacher Training College, in Mexico City February 26, 2015. The students' disappearance on the night of September 26, 2014 in the southwestern city of Iguala triggered massive protests in Mexico and calls for justice. Officials say they were abducted by corrupt police officers, who handed them over to a local drug gang.
Photo by Edgard Garrido
The Top 20 Global Concert Tours ranks artists by average box office gross per city and includes the average ticket price for shows worldwide. The list is based on data provided to the trade publication Pollstar by concert promoters and venue managers.
1. Fleetwood Mac; $1,839,268; $132.91.
2. Justin Timberlake; $1,582,776; $120.14.
3. Michael Buble; $1,282,232; $108.58.
4. Linkin Park; $978,299; $71.08.
5. Usher; $826,967; $88.62.
6. Andre Rieu; $778,697; $109.36.
7. Trans-Siberian Orchestra; $733,006; $56.42.
8. Bryan Adams; $637,669; $67.19.
9. Eric Church; $551,762; $48.62.
10. Kasabian; $549,047; $58.92.
11. James Taylor; $511,956; $79.39.
12. Slipknot; $462,591; $54.90.
13. The Black Keys; $443,675; $59.22.
14. Jason Mraz; $353,596; $73.74.
15. Jeff Dunham; $334,748; $67.05.
16. Sam Smith; $323,033; $51.33.
17. John Fogerty; $317,857; $59.47.
18. Dierks Bentley; $296,271; $46.73.
19. Gabriel Iglesias; $241,209; $50.67.
20. Sarah McLachlan; $211,562; $69.62.
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